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NRSI: Computers & Writing Systems

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Short URL: http://scripts.sil.org/LatinLetterCombinations

Unicode two and three Latin letter combinations

Kent Spielmann, 2005-08-31

Back to Unicode Names.

This is a complete list of Unicode Latin two and three letter combination characters (Unicode 4.1).

  • Do not use letter combinations marked with *. These are typographical ligatures included in Unicode for compatibility with older encodings. You should use individual letters and allow the software to create these ligatures where appropriate.  LATIN CAPITAL LIGATURE OEand  LATIN SMALL LIGATURE OE are the only letter combinations with LIGATURE in their name that should be used as letters.
  • Letter combinations marked with † are older IPA symbols that have been superseded in favor of using the individual letters separately.

Reference Table

Amer., ExtIPA and IPA are abbreviations for phonetic transcription systems.

CombinationNameUse: Comment
A E  U+00C6 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER AE IPA and Amer.
 U+00E6 LATIN SMALL LETTER AE IPA and Amer.
d b  U+F240 LATIN SMALL LETTER DB DIGRAPH non-IPA phonetic: voiced labiodental stop
d ezh  U+02A4 LATIN SMALL LETTER DEZH DIGRAPH IPA: Superseded by
* D Z  U+01C4 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER DZ WITH CARON  
*  U+01C5 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D WITH SMALL LETTER Z WITH CARON  
*  U+01C6 LATIN SMALL LETTER DZ WITH CARON  
*  U+01F1 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER DZ  
*  U+01F2 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER D WITH SMALL LETTER Z  
*  U+01F3 LATIN SMALL LETTER DZ Compare with LATIN SMALL LETTER DZ DIGRAPH immediately below. The two letters of the digraph touch and there is no upper case version.
d z  U+02A3 LATIN SMALL LETTER DZ DIGRAPH IPA: Superseded by
d z with curl  U+02A5 LATIN SMALL LETTER DZ DIGRAPH WITH CURL IPA: Superseded by
f eng  U+02A9 LATIN SMALL LETTER FENG DIGRAPH ExtIPA
* f f  U+FB00 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE FF  
* f i  U+FB01 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE FI  
* f l  U+FB02 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE FL  
* f f i  U+FB03 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE FFI  
* f f l  U+FB04 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE FFL  
h eng  U+0267 LATIN SMALL LETTER HENG WITH HOOK IPA: Heng without hook is not in Unicode
H V  U+01F6 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER HWAIR Gothic alphabet: Upper case of LATIN SMALL LETTER HV
 U+0195 LATIN SMALL LETTER HV Gothic alphabet: Lower case of LATIN CAPITAL LETTER HWAIR
* I J  U+0132 LATIN CAPITAL LIGATURE IJ  
*  U+0133 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE IJ  
l ezh  U+026E LATIN SMALL LETTER LEZH IPA: Superseded by
* L J  U+01C7 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER LJ  
*  U+01C9 LATIN SMALL LETTER LJ  
l s  U+02AA LATIN SMALL LETTER LS DIGRAPH ExtIPA
l z  U+02AB LATIN SMALL LETTER LZ DIGRAPH ExtIPA
* Long s t  U+FB05 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE LONG S T  
* N J  U+01CA LATIN CAPITAL LETTER NJ  
*  U+01CB LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH SMALL LETTER J  
*  U+01CC LATIN SMALL LETTER NJ  
O E  U+0152 LATIN CAPITAL LIGATURE OE IPA
 U+0153 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE OE IPA
O I  U+01A2 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER OI Pan-Turkic alphabets
 U+01A3 LATIN SMALL LETTER OI Pan-Turkic alphabets
OU  U+0222 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER OU Algonquin and related alphabets
 U+0223 LATIN SMALL LETTER OU Algonquin and related alphabets
q p  U+F241 LATIN SMALL LETTER QP DIGRAPH non-IPA phonetic: voiceless labiodental stop
t c  U+02A8 LATIN SMALL LETTER TC DIGRAPH WITH CURL IPA: Superseded by
t esh  U+02A7 LATIN SMALL LETTER TESH DIGRAPH IPA: Superseded by
t s  U+02A6 LATIN SMALL LETTER TS DIGRAPH IPA: Superseded by
u e  U+1D6B LATIN SMALL LETTER UE Dictionary phonetic: front rounded vowel
I R  U+01A6 LATIN LETTER YR Old Norse alphabet: Lower case is  U+0280 LATIN LETTER SMALL CAPITAL R

Unicode Latin two and three letter combination characters

Abbreviations

  • Amer. Americanist phonetic writing system. Popularized by American linguists in the 50s and 60s because most of the characters could be written using a typewriter.
  • ExtIPA Extended IPA system for writing disordered speech.
  • IPA International Phonetic Alphabet. International standard for writing languages phonetically.

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