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Apparatus SIL

Symbols used for Biblical text apparatus

NRSI team, 2009-06-12


You may be interested to know that all of the characters in Apparatus SIL are now supported in  Charis SIL,  Doulos SIL,  Gentium Plus and  Andika SIL. The specific "apparatus" glyphs are the same in each font; the design of the apparatus characters was not updated to match the design of each font.


The Apparatus SIL fonts are the Unicode version of their predecessor, SIL Apparatus. The design is the same, only the encoding is different. The Apparatus SIL fonts were designed to provide most of the symbols needed to reproduce the textual apparatus found in major editions of Greek & Hebrew biblical texts. The fonts include:

The basic ASCII character set plus some international characters

Superscript characters

Certain Greek, Hebrew, Gothic (Fraktur) and other letters used for manuscripts

Special punctuation

Other Signa and Sigla used in documenting manuscript contents

These fonts were based on SIL Charis, a font designed for optimum clarity and compactness when printed at small point sizes. This assures that both  Charis SIL and Apparatus SIL can be used together in documents with a consistency of style.

Most lines of text in the apparatus can be reproduced by combining the Greek and Hebrew fonts, transliteration (using a font such as  Charis SIL), and the Apparatus SIL font.

Galatia SIL

and Apparatus SIL font families:


These fonts utilize OpenType and Graphite technology to provide rendering information needed by application and system software. Usability of the features provided in these fonts will depend on the exact capabilities of your software. Some of the characters are in plane 1 of Unicode and your software will need to be able to display plane 1 characters.

Supported character ranges


The original SIL Apparatus font contained some superscript characters that are not in Unicode. Those characters are superscript (or modifier) lambda mu pi rho ? C F Q S X Y Z q / [ ] . , – *. Rather than encode them in SIL’s Private Use Area (PUA), we have chosen not to include those characters in this Unicode font.

C0 Controls and Basic Latin U+0020..U+007E
C1 Controls and Latin-1 Supplement U+00A6, U+00B0, U+00B2..U+00B3, U+00B6..U+00B7, U+00B9, U+00E6..U+00E7, U+00FC
Spacing Modifier Letters U+02B0, U+02B2..U+02B3, U+02B7..U+02B8, U+02E1..U+02E3, U+02F8
Combining Diacritical Marks U+0307..U+0308, U+0327
Greek and Coptic U+037E, U+0387, U+0394, U+0398, U+039E, U+03A0, U+03A8
Phonetic Extensions U+1D2C, U+1D2E, U+1D30..U+1D31, U+1D33..U+1D3A, U+1D3C, U+1D3E..U+1D43, U+1D47..U+1D49, U+1D4D, U+1D4F, U+1D50, U+1D52, U+1D56..U+1D58, U+1D5B, U+1D5D, U+1D60
Phonetic Extensions Supplement U+1D9C, U+1D9C, U+1DA0, U+1DBB
Greek Extended U+1FEF
General Punctuation U+2001, U+2003
Superscripts and Subscripts U+2070..U+2071, U+2074..U+207F
Letterlike Symbols U+2113, U+212A, U+212D, U+2135, U+214F
Mathematical Operators U+2225
Misc. Math. Symbols-A U+27E6..U+27E7
Suppl. Math. Operators U+2AFD
Latin Extended-C U+2C7D
Coptic U+2C88
Suppl. Punctuation U+2E00, U+2E02..U+2E03, U+2E06, U+2E09..U+2E0C
Mathematical Alphanumeric Symbols U+1D40C, U+1D504..U+1D505, U+1D50A, U+1D50E..U+1D510, U+1D513..U+1D514, U+1D516..U+1D517, U+1D519, U+1D52D

Supported character ranges

This pdf displays all the characters in the font. Below the glyph is the Unicode Scalar Value and then below that is the glyph id. It is the USV that you will need for accessing the characters. We do not provide a keyboard for accessing them.

Chart of Appartus SIL characters and codepoints
Lorna Priest, 2012-01-04
Download "ApparatusSIL_ViewGlyph.pdf", Acrobat PDF document, 33KB [5723 downloads]

Known Issues

  • If you have CJK enabled in Regional and Language Options and in your Office 2003 Language Settings, Word 2003 may not properly display the New Testament editorial symbols  U+2E00 ..  U+2E0D.
  • U+0308 COMBINING DIAERESIS over U+1d504 MATHEMATICAL FRAKTUR CAPITAL A does not display properly in Uniscribe applications. It displays appropriately in InDesign CS4, The XeTeX typesetting system and in OpenOffice for Graphite.


Apparatus SIL is released under the SIL Open Font License (OFL), version 1.1. Copyright (c) 1998-2009, SIL International ( with Reserved Font Names "Apparatus" and "SIL".


Subscribe to SIL Font News announce list

If you wish to receive announcements about updates to Apparatus SIL, or any of our SIL fonts, please go to this page to subscribe: SIL Font News subscription.

Apparatus SIL 1.0 - Windows, Mac OS X, GNU/Linux
NRSI team, 2009-06-12
Download "", ZIP archive, 124KB [35094 downloads]

The font release contains a set of four font files and documentation. You will need a decompression utility to expand the .zip archive. The font files can then be installed using standard font installation procedures for the given operating-system platform. See Decompression Utilities, Downloading & Font Installation Tips for more information.

Note that certain applications may not see the new font immediately. You may have to quit and restart the application for the font to become available.
Apparatus SIL 1.0 - Windows installer
NRSI team, 2009-06-12
Download "ApparatusSIL.exe", Windows application, 203KB [7875 downloads]

This package contains the same files as This installer is only for Windows users. Once the package has been downloaded, you can double-click on it to install the font files and documentation. After installing, you can read the documentation files at Start / All programs / SIL / Fonts / ApparatusSIL.

Note that certain applications may not see the new font immediately. You may have to quit and restart the application for the font to become available.
Data Conversion
Mapping file for SIL Apparatus encoded files to Unicode (ver. 1.3)
Lorna A. Priest, 2009-06-12
Download "", ZIP archive, 6KB [5987 downloads]
A compiled and uncompiled TECkit conversion table is included here, which maps data using the SIL Apparatus fonts to Unicode. This conversion table can be used with either TECkit and/or SILConverters 4.0.

Ubuntu repository

Ubuntu repository on Installation Instructions
Ubuntu software repository

This font is available in the SIL software repository for Ubuntu on

Ubuntu users can subscribe to this software repository and get current versions and updates automatically. See the  detailed instructions about adding the repository.


As these fonts and utilities are distributed at no cost, we are unable to provide a commercial level of personal technical support. This is the final release of these fonts.

Please note that these fonts are intended for use by experienced computer users. Installing and using these fonts is not a trivial matter. The most effective technical support is usually provided by an experienced computer user who can personally sit down with you at your computer to troubleshoot the problem.

Before requesting technical support, please:

  • Carefully read all the documentation provided with the fonts, including the documentation installed by the installation program.
  • Check out all the links on the web pages for these font packages, and read all the information and instructions they contain.
  • Review the list of Frequently Asked Questions to see if your question has already been answered. Additional information is also available on the general Font FAQ page.

If that fails to answer your question, or for more information, contact:

User Support
SIL International
Non-Roman Script Initiative
7500 W. Camp Wisdom Rd.
Dallas, TX 75236

Email: Contact Form

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